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John Cox

Birth place or City of origin:
State of origin: IA
Last known City:
Last known State:
Start/Birth date: 1861
Death/End date: 1940

Colorado Prison Spurs made by John Cox #4307.
John Cox came from Iowa to Colorado to work in the mines in the Cripple Creek and Victor mining region. Mr. Cox was incarcerated two times in the Colorado State Penitentiary. The first time was for a failed burglary attempt that left at least one man dead in 1892. Cox was found guilty of second degree murder and sentenced to ten years hard labor at the State Prison in Canon City. For this crime he earned the prisoner number 2893 and spent only about three years in prison. On June 12, 1895 he was pardoned by the Governor. The second time John Cox was sent to prison he earned the prisoner number 4307 which has become a notable mark on Colorado Prison Spurs. Cox and his friends had been drinking all night long and on Sunday morning April 11, 1897 in an argument over a game of pool, Cox shot and killed his friend, Robert Daily. When Ed O’Brien, the local Marshall arrived, Cox shot at him and he returned the fire. Cox was shot in the chest twice and nearly died from those injuries. Cox was found guilty of first degree murder on July 1 and sent to Canon City to be hung the week of July 18. The day and time of hanging was up to the
Warden, John Cleghorn. However, Cox was never hung. He received life without parole from Colorado Governor Adams.

From March 1909 to the spring of 1927 the State Prison had an exceptional Warden, Thomas J. Tynan who put the prisoners to work and ran the prison to the benefit of the State and the inmates. He created new prison industries and built prison infrastructure with the inmate labor. He encouraged the making of handicrafts which were then sold in the Prison Gift Shop in the
summer months. Trusted inmates could take files and torches to their cells at night to work on spurs. John Cox who usually kept to himself would pace the prison yard in deep conversation with Warden Tynan. Tynan gave the inmates a purpose through
work projects and he encouraged inmates to make crafts that they enjoyed making. Before that life time prisoners were only allowed to work at their assigned jobs. Cox excelled in spur making and made many of the best spurs produced at the
Colorado State Prison. Tynan excelled at creative solutions and positive reinforcement techniques. John Cox died on September 22, 1940 and is buried not far from the prison


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